Military Medals and Orders

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Military Medals and Orders

 

 We have been privileged to see many distinguished medals of honour awarded for gallantry and chivalry on our Roadshow tours of Canada.

Here are but a few. We are still in the process of identifying many.

 

 

                                           

Knight Commander of the

Order of the Bath and
Companions of the Bath

The above was awarded to :

Major General. Sir Duncan MacPherson (Of Burgie) 

K.C.I.E., I.C.S., M.A.  in the 1840' s


Crimea War Medal and Sebastopol Clasp.

The Crimea Campaign: 1854-56

Branch of Service - British Army, Navy and Marines.

Description: (Obverse) Wyon profile of Queen Victoria; (reverse) a

Roman soldier armed with circular shield and short sword, being

crowned by a flying Victory.


Rare George III Peace Medal - 1768

(Presented to Chief Ais-sance, of the Ojibway tribe in Ontario.

See more Click image

 

Washington Peace Medal

The Crimean War (1853-6)

The Crimean war was fought by Russia against Turkey, Britain, France & Piedmont.


The initial cause for war was the dispute between France and Russia over the Palestinian holy places. War became inevitable after Russia occupied territories of the Ottoman Empire on July 1853.  It was Turkey who declared war and had its fleet destroyed by the Russian Navy at Sinope in the Black Sea.
This forced the hand of Britain and France who in March 1854 declared war.

The allied forces, ravaged by cholera, were able to defeat the Russians at the battle of the Alma River (20th September 1854) and then began bombarding the strongly armed fort of Sevastopol.
Following the battle of Balaclava (25th October 1854) a long winter of siege warfare ensued aggravated by lack of fuel, clothing and supplies for the allied armies. In 1854 Florence Nightingale was able to persuade the British government to let her take a team of nurses to the Crimea to look after the wounded allied soldiers. Sevastopol fell on the 8th September 1855; by that time the Russians were already seeking peace.

 

 

 

 

The Distinguished Service Order.

Awarded for Valour

The Distinguished Service Order ( the DSO) dates back to 1886, during the reign of Queen Victoria and it is generally not awarded to officers below the rank of Major.

In terms of gallantry awards, the DSO ranks below the Victoria Cross but above the Military Cross in order of precedence.

It can be awarded for gallantry in action but it is more common for it to be awarded for leadership in the field.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The British War Medal

Was issued to British Commonwealth Troops. Army, Navy, Airforce, or Nursing Service.

First Issued at the end of the First World War, this medal celebrated the final victory.

The silver medal shows a male on horse back crushing a shield displaying German coat of arms. The destruction on the battlefield that so horrified all those involved is symbolised by the human skull and crossed bones under the horses rear feet.

The date of 1914 and 1918, indicated the years of combat, peace was finalised in 1919.

The obverse is also marked with a design. On the edge of this type of medal, the recipients name and details are stamped

 

 

The Great War - World War 1

Left to Right: The Distinguished Service Order white cross and bar

1914 -1915 Star / With Mons Bar *
British war Medal With Oak leaf (mentioned in despatches)*
Allied Victory Medal

G V Silver Jubilee Medal - G V1 Coronation - ?

The combination of the 1914-18  Star, the Victory Medal and War Medal really is fairly commonplace. You could observe hundreds of them in Armistice Day parades.

This combination earned for itself the common nickname,

'Pip, Squeak and Wilfred'.

 

 

Mons Bar- Clasps for the 1914 Star: ‘5th AUG – 22nd NOV 1914’ was authorised for those who

came under enemy fire in France or Belgium between the 5th August and 22nd November 1914.

The clasp is sewn directly to the ribbon and is often referred to as the ‘MONS’ bar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Miniature medals


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Victory medal

was issued in celebration of the end of the First World War, by the British.

Whereas:

The Commonwealth Victory medal was issued in celebration of the end of the First World War, by the British CommonwealthMany other countries took up the idea of this medal and had the same or similar versions struck. Most countries used the same ribbon. The other countries had slight variations to the design, but they all followed the same idea.

*The bronze oak leaf on the ribbon of this medal indicates another award. This is the M.I.D., or Mentioned In Dispatch. When the soldier had become noticeable for some deed or deeds, which were not the subject of another award, yet noteworthy and meritorious, he was mentioned in military dispatches, and praised for his achievements

 

 

 


Miniature medals are made by various military jewellers and outfitters as well as specialist medal firms for wear on the 'mess dress' or dinner jacket where the recipient wishes to display the awards he or she has earned, but not wear the full size medals, which at times are either awkward or inappropriate for the dress. They are fully detailed and almost exact as the original full-sized medal.

 

 

The South Africa Campaign

 

 

Egypt Medal

(1884-1885)

 

The Egypt Medal (left) was authorized on the 5th of November 1884.

It was awarded to members of the army and navy who took part in the Egyptian Campaigns between 1882 and 1889. It has 13 various bars and was also awarded without a bar. There were 392 medals awarded to the Canadian Voyageurs with bar worded 'THE NILE' of which 46 also received the KIRBEKAN bar. All the Canadian boatmen were awarded the medal with the bar: It in turn was awarded to those who served south of Assouan on or before 07 March 1885, as part of the expedition to relieve General Gordon, then under siege at Khartoum. Many Canadian boatmen qualified for this bar.

The Kirbekan bar was awarded to those members of the expedition to relieve Gordon who actually reached Khartoum and was only awarded together with THE NILE (1884-85) bar. The Canadians who received this bar were under the command of Lord Wolseley who had commanded the Red River Expedition of 1870.

It is A circular, silver medal, 1.42 inches in diameter bearing A diademed, veiled effigy of Queen Victoria who faces left and the legend: VICTORIA REGINA ET IMPERATRIX. (same as the North West Canada Medal).
On the Reverse. The sphinx is depicted on a pedestal with the word EGYPT above. There was no date on the Canadian medal, but earlier medals awarded to the British Army had the date 1882 in exergue.

The ribbon is 1.25 inches wide, and consists of five equal stripes: blue, white, blue, white and blue.

The recipient's name is impressed on the rim in sloping capitals.


 

 

 

 

WW II   &

WWII Campaign medals

 

 



 

 

 


 

 

Distinguished flying medal

DISTINGUISHED FLYING MEDAL (D.F.M)  Was awarded to nonn-commissioned officers and men for an act or acts of valour, courge

or devotion to duty performed

whilst flying in active operations againstthe enemy.
For additional acts, a straight slip-on silver bar with an eagle in the centre was awarded to recipients
.

Africa Star

 

The Africa star (above) was awarded for

a minimum one day service in an operational

area of North Africa between 10 June 1940

and 12 May 1943.

Burma Star

 

 

Awarded: For service in Burma, China or Malaya between 11th December 1941 and 2nd September 1945


Italy Star




 

The Italy star (above) was awarded for operational service in Sicily or Italy
between 11 June 1943 and 8th
May 1945.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The

Distinguished Flying Cross

 

 

 

Pacific Star

 

 

The Pacific Star (above) was awarded for one day or more of operational service in the Pacific between 08 December 1941 and 02 September 1945.

 

 

 

Victoria Genral Service Medal

(Naval)


 

 

An Admiralty memorandum dated June I, 1847, notified the grant of this award to commemorate the services of the fleet during the wars commencing in 1793 and ending in 1815. this practically confined the award to those operations for which the Navy Gold Medal had been conferred. Subsequently, however, a board of admirals was appointed to consider claims and on their recommendation an Admiralty memorandum dated June 7, 1848, extended the grant.

Clasps were to be given for: (I) All Gold Medal actions or operations. (2) All actions in which first lieutenants or commanders were promoted, as had been customary after important and meritorious engagements. (3) All Boat Service operations in which the officer conducting the operations was promoted. (4) For, in co-operation with the land forces, the siege and capture of Martinique, 1809, Guadaloupe, 1810, Java, 1811, and St Sebastian, 1813, for all of which operations the Army Gold Medal had been awarded; and (5) The Bombardment of Algiers, 1816; the Battle of Navarino, 1827; and operations on the coast of Syria, 1840.

 

 

 

 

Air crew Europe Star

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Military Medal

Awarded or heroism or extraordinary achievement in aerial flight, this medal was awarded to officers and warrant officers for an act of valour, courage or devotion to duty, performed while flying in active operations against the enemy.

Established in 1926 it was made retroactive for actions after 1918. The first recipient of the D.F.C being Charles A. Lindberg.

Other distinguished aviators to receive the award were; Commander Richard Byrd and Amelia Earhart.

The DFC can be awarded for achievements in aviation as demonstrated by these three recipients, or for heroism in aerial combat.

The Canadian Volunteer Service Medal

1939-45

 

This was granted to persons of any rank inthe Naval, Military or Air Forces

of Canada who voluntarily served on Active Service and have honourably

completed eighteen months (540 days) total voluntary service from

September3rd, 1939 to March 1st, 1947.

 

The 'MM' was instituted in March 1916 as an award for non-officer rank of the Army for acts of bravery. In the First World War the MM was awarded to a few recipients from the Royal Navy and Royal Air Force. Some RAF personnel were awarded the MM during World War II. All MMs are issued named with the recipient's details impressed around the medal's rim.

During World War I, 115,000 'MMs' were awarded

 

 

 

 

  Identifying?

 

 

 

 

      

                                                   David Freeman 2004 Contact

 

 


 
POTTED  BY  DOULTON GLASSWEAR BY  Galle - Daum & Lalique
MILITARY MEDALS AND ORDERS
A FAKE LOWRY GEORGE TINWORTH - DOULTON POTTER GEORGIAN SILVER
GEORGE III - INDIAN PEACE MEDAL
FRANK MOSS BENNETT - ARTIST BATTLE FOR CHRYSLERS FARM HISTORY OF THE DOUGLAS MOTORCYCLE
AMERICAN INDIAN PEACE MEDALS
CORNELIUS KRIEGHOFF - CANADIAN SCHONFELDER VIOLINS HISTORICA SCHOLASTICA  PETRUS COMESTORE
AMERICAN CONGRESSIONAL MEDAL
GEORGES BARBIER - ART DECO STRADIVARIUS VIOLINS PETER POPPELMAN GERMAN SCULPTOR
WEXFORD CIVIL WAR MEDAL
TOULOUS LAUTREC - ARISTADE BRUANT CHARLOTTE BRONTE WALTER SCOTT - WAVERLEY NOVELS
JOHN WILKINSON TRADE TOKEN
LAWREN HARRIS - CANADIAN POLISH PRISONER OF WAR PENNY BLACK STAMP
DAYS MILLS BUTTER MEDAL
CONSTANCE MARKIEVICZ - IRISH ARTIST FREEMANART EATONS PUNKIN HEAD
THE CONSTABLE MAP
JFP    

 

 

 

 

REFERENCE: KEY WORDS ON THIS PAGE: Military Medals and Orders | George III, Peace Medal, distinguished service order and Crimea campaign | British Roadshow tour of Canada

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