Paul Gauguin painting & art authentication experts -  Gauguin signature authentication, identification of forgeries and Fake Gauguin watercolors, paintings - Gauguin drawing authentication-a case study -

Gauguin Tahitian women authenticity investigators & Gauguin art experts Freemanart

 
Beyond  Wildenstein
 
Discovering Gauguin

GAUGUIN  AUTHENTICATION

 

Also on this page: A Paul Gauguin case study: Paul Gauguin Watercolour - 2 Tahitian Women

 

 

  The Freemanart Consultancy specialise in the complicated array of academic and forensic investigation procedures and analysis required in preparing a case concerning the authenticity and legitimacy of the French artist, Paul Gauguin.


  We specialise in conducting professional investigations for clients from all around the world, including individuals and institutions interested in authenticating a work which they believe is by Paul Gauguin, or one that bears the Paul Gauguin signature.


Working from our strategically sited bases in Europe, a geographic 'needs must' imperative in accessing closed archive, enables us to conduct detailed investigations & research.
  Navigate to the Authentication and Profile pages of the site for more information or Contact us directly for help and advisory when it comes to Gauguin authentication.

 

 

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EXPERT IN THE FINE ART OF AUTHENTICATION

 

 

 

Gauguin Art Authentication: Before you begin the process.

 

* Before entering into a full investigation of the legitimacy of a work of art believed to be by Paul Gauguin, be it academic, forensic or as with most cases, both, it is essential to know if the project is at all viable and even vaguely possibly provable?
It's much as you would need to know if you were taking a legal case to court. It is just as important.

Logically, if it is not viable, you should not attempt it as the risk of failure is too high.

 So here at Freemanart, we always prefer to make a preliminary and vital professional pre authentication assessment for clients first. This is based upon the images you supply, the full details and the items history and provenance as it is known.

 This is a logical & cost effective professional assessment and advisory for which there is a modest set fee.

Please see our FAQ's < here, which explains the process in detail.

 

 

 

 

Paul Gauguin Watercolour - 2 Tahitian Women:


  A
uthenticating Paul Gauguin's works of art including those paintings and drawings which claim to have been created by the innovative 19th century French artist Paul Emile Gauguin, falls to art experts such as Freemanart.


Our Executive Director David Freeman was responsible for compiling the important GAUGIN INDEX and has worked on some of the biggest Gauguin authentication cases in recent years. He has also investigated and assisted in the prosecution of many of the biggest Gauguin art frauds and criminal cases too.

Freemanart are specialist art experts working specifically in the field of art authenticity & art authentication to investigate & pursue.  But as each year passes, more and more fake Paul Gauguin paintings and faux drawings appear on the art market and we get busier.

 Freemanart specialise internationally with the investigation of and into  the authenticity of the works of Paul Gauguin including; Gauguin's oil paintings, Paul Gaugin's water colours, drawings and Gauguin's graphic works of art. 

There follows one recent case study.

 

Freemanart se spécialise dans l'investigation de l'authenticité du travail de Paul Gauguin y compris: L'Authentification de Paul Gauguin - Authentifiant Gauguin Art - Authentifiant les tableaux Gauguin - les dessins Gauguin, le travail graphique de Gauguin. L'investigation de faux et truque et dessins et tableaux de Paul Gauguin.

 

 

Gauguin: A case study. Outline:

 

 Paul Gauguin's artistic career spanned six decades and his art output during his Tahitian period particularly which was spurred on by the voracious demand for saleable product by his French patron Ambroise Vollard, the leading Parisian art dealer of the early twentieth century and the main career mentor behind Cezanne, Picasso and Maillol, was even for Paul Gauguin, very demanding.  But not as demanding as proving as authentic or of disproving the authenticity of works claimed to be by Gauguin or attributed Paul Gauguin art works, which is for the authenticators of today's newly discovered Paul Gaugiun oil paintings, water colours and drawings a complicated task.

 Authenticating Gauguin and his art is sometimes much more difficult than in this simple and most recent case undertaken by the Freemanart Consultancy who specialize in art authentication matters and art authentication investigations internationally.

This was a so called Paul Gauguin water colour depicting two Tahitian women signed unmistakably bottom right, Paul Gauguin.

 

 

Fake Paul Gauguin watercolour

 

<  Now, if ever this painting had any chance to be an authentic Paul Gauguin watercolour, then obviously it would have originated from within Gauguin's creative period somewhere between 1890 and 1900. That's when Paul Gauguin was working and living in the Polynesian islands of  Tahiti.


 The number of paintings Paul Gauguin painted of Tahitian girls wearing the red floral Tiare motif on a sarong, is indeed more than many and whilst on first inspection it is easy for some to say  that for Paul Gauguin, this painting is just not good enough to be by him, there are times when art authentication experts have to ' absolutely prove ' the issue of authenticity either way.

A Gauguin fake it may be but perhaps it could be an authentic work by Gauguin?

So let's look at why this Paul Gauguin water colour on the left is not and cannot possibly be by Paul Gauguin.

Interestingly, a lot of information comes from an inspection of the back of the picture, applying some simple logic and a slightly deeper more forensic approach into a Gauguin fake.

 

 > On the right, the paper on which we are lead to believe Paul Gauguin painted these two Tahitian women above is executed on Ingres paper.
Ingres paper has a definitive pattern of lines as you can see, created in its manufacturing process, seen on the right.

 Artists the world over and including Paul Gauguin himself have chosen and used Ingres paper by preference, certainly for drawing on but seldom for painting. Particularly not with watercolour as Ingres paper is too absorbent and can buckle easily.

 So what else does the back of the fake Gaugins & its paper tell us?

 Look at the bottom right corner in the image to the right. It's trimmed and rounded as were the other three and there is discolouration from the edges of the page seeping towards the middle too.

Dirty marks which go all the way around.

^ Cut rounded corner of the fake Paul Gauguin fake watercolour painting's paper.

 

 

 

^ The overall size of the so called Gauguins' paper is 8  3/4  x  11 1/4 inches.

Note: That's Imperial measurement and not Metric.

 Paul Gauguin received all his paper which was supplied to him direct from Vollard in France & so the paper would be cut and measured in metric measurements. Paper measuring 8  3/4 x 11 1/4 inches is a very specific size too.  It's called Demi- Quarto & is specifically used to describe a size of paper that is used in a book. Which would account for the machine rounded corners and the age marks which appear all around the edges of the paper too. Discoloration caused by impurities seeping into the paper from the outside in.

 To further prove the point, look at the image below which shows the right hand edge of our not so Paul Gauguin watercolor's paper.

The blue arrows below, indicate some of the regular  1   1/2 inch holes which the books binding string went through. Clearly you can see where the blank, Ingres paper was torn from the front of an old book to be used to create a new Paul Gauguin painting on. It's an old trick of the art faking trade.

 

 

 Above: Right hand edge of the fake Paul Gauguin water colour paintings' paper.

 

 

 

< Detail of Paul Gauguin fake watercolor.

Top right centre.

 

 

< Where the red arrow points on the Fake Gauguin watercolour painting to the left, is a thicker area of paint or 'impasto' in which some  residue and in particular, paint brush hairs were embedded. Upon further inspection under the microscope, some interesting features can be noted!

    

 

 

 

 

 

Forensic photographic detail of Paul Gauguin fake watercolour, embedded residual paint brush hairs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Right: Microscopic imaging of the synthetic paint brush hairs embedded in the Paul Gauguin watercolour >

Photograph Jackie Freeman Forensic Photography

 

 

 Synthetic, smooth surfaced filaments, as photographed in the purported Paul Gauguin fake painting above and used in paintbrushes,  are produced by extrusion. Thus giving them the regular, tubular & glassy appearance and not the 'thick to thin' and 'scaly' form of a natural animal hair, such as the preferred artists brush made from sable. Much like those below.

Acrylic is also a product of the sixties and not the 1860's but the 1960's so our friend Mr. Gauguin could not have possibly painted this picture even on a bad day .   He died sixty years earlier than it's invention.

 

Below: Microscopic imaging of sable brush hairs.

Paul Gauguin signature on fake watercolor drawing of 2 Tahitian women

Microscopic imaging of sable paint brush hairs not evident in the Paul Gauguin fake painting we examined.

 

The deliberate application of a fake Paul Gauguin signature to the painting:

The Paul Gauguin signature taken from the fake watercolor drawing shows clear constructional differences to the image of a legitimate Paul Gauguin signature which are self evident >


 

 

Legitimate Paul Gauguin signature

 

 

 

 Art authenticators and art fraud investigators the Freemanart Consultancy use forensic analysis, academic study & sound investigative procedures to investigate & pursue the authenticity of hundreds of paintings, drawings and prints annually for clients all over the world and not just those executed or claimed to be by Paul Gauguin. Though we are currently working on a major investigation into a possible Paul Gauguin Tahitian work which has recently surfaced in the USA..

The investigation procedures now demand forensic, chemical and spectographic analysis of the pigments and a good look at what lies beyond the paint.

A fake Gauguin or a long lost authentic Gauguin is yet to be seen but with forensics, the truth will out?

 

 Clearly the Paul Gauguin painting we investigated and discussed here was not by Paul Gauguin himself. Which right from the start was evident to us and will also be to many of you.  rankly, the quality of the application of the water color to the paper leaves much to be desired and bears an amateur, untrained or practised approach.

But not to a non expert eye, as was the case when our client bought this fake Paul Gauguin work believing it to be a real Gauguin painting it was indeed real and couldn't possibly be a fake Gauguin!.

His heart simply got the better of him and the simple question, "is it good enough to be by Paul Gauguin," was never even contemplated?

An expensive mistake!

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Paul Gauguin - Index of Paintings:

 

A definitive catalogue & chronological list of Paul Gaugin's œuvres & known works of art.

(Between 1873 and 1903)

Arranged by chronological date range, alphabetically, defining signature and inscription application & position.

Including dimensions & the work of art's current holding (where known)

Index ©2009

 

Example:

1873>

 

Chicken Coup.  Attributed to Paul Gauguin 1873

Painting - Oil on canvas.

Signature / Inscription detail: Unsigned
Dimensions; Height: 22 cm (8.66 in.), Width: 35.5 cm (13.98 in.)

Thyssen - Bornemisza Museum (Spain)

In the Forest, Saint-Cloud. Attributed to Paul Gauguin 1873

Brown oil sketch on canvas.

 

In the Forest, Saint-Cloud II (with seated figures by track)

Paul Gauguin 1873

Green oil sketch on canvas.

Painting dimensions; Height: 24 cm (9.45 in.), Width: 34 cm (13.39 in.)

Signature / Inscription detail: Signed P Gauguin and dated 73, bottom right.

Housed in a  Private collection.

Le Lac dans la plaine. Landscape. Paul Gauguin 1873

Oil on canvas

Painting Dimensions; Height: 50.5 cm x Width: 81.6 cm.

Signature / Inscription detail: Signed bottom left P Gauguin

Held by the Fitzwilliam Museum

 

 

1874>

 

Landscape with river and trees. Paul Gauguin: C. 1874

Oil on paper,

Dimensions; 21.8 x 28 cm.

Signature / Inscription detail: Unsigned.

Painting Housed with : Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen, Denmark.

The Clearing. (Landscape) Paul Gauguin 1874.

Oil painting.

 

 

1875>

 

 

 

 

La Seine au pont d'Iéna. Temps de neige. (The Seine at the Pont d'Iéna, Snowy Weather) - Paul Gauguin:  1875

Oil on canvas.

Signature / Inscription details: Signed bottom right P Gauguin and dated 1875.

Painting Dimensions; H. 0.63 ; L. 0.925

Painting Housed with Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France

 

Landscape with Poplars. (Paysage avec Peupliers) Paul Gauguin:  1875

Oil on canvas.

Signature / Inscription details: Dated bottom left 75 and initialled P.G.

Holding : Unknown

Les usines Cail et le quai de Grenelle - ( Cail Factories and Quai de Grenelle. )Paul Gauguin 1875.

Oil painting on board.

Dimensions of painting: 28.2x41.2 cm.

Signature / Inscription details: Signed bottom right Paul Gauguin and dated 1875.

Holding : Unknown

 

Mette Gauguin dormant sur un canapé (Paul Gauguin c.1875)

Painting oil on canvas.

Painting Dimensions; (24.5x32.5 cm)

Holding : Unknown

 

The Seine in Paris between the Pont d'Lena and the Pont de Grenelle. Paul Gauguin: 1875.

Dimensions unknown.

Oil on canvas.

Painting Housed in a Private Collection.

 

The Seine Opposite the Quai de Passy. Paul Gauguin: 1875.

Oil painting.

Dimensions unknown.

Holding : Unknown

 

Viroflay Landscape.  Paul Gauguin: 1875.

Oil on canvas.

Dimensions; 46 x 33 cm.

Signature / Inscription details: Signed and inscribed, lower right: Viroflay  - P. Gauguin 1875.

Painting Housed: Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen, Denmark.

 

 

For Full  Catalogue and Index of Paul Gauguin's Paintings Click Here>

 

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Paul Gauguin Art Authentication - Gauguin authentication experts, art fraud investigators, investigation case study of a fake Gauguin painting . Identification of Gauguin forgeries and fakes and identifying and authenticating Paul Gauguin's art Freemanart Consultancy